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Indian Geography: Trans- Himalaya for UPSC/ SSC/ KAS/ PSC

To the north of the Great Himalayas is the Trans-Himalayan range. Trans-Himalayan ranges from NamchaBarwa or Mishmi Hills in the east to Nanga Parbat in the west. The key Trans-Himalayan ranges are the Karakoram, Ladakh, and Zaskar.

The Krishnagiri range is another name for the Great Karakoram Range. The Karakoram Range separates Turkestan and India. The Karakoram Range establishes India’s borders with China and Afghanistan. Godwin Austin is a section of the Karakoram Mountains. 

The Trans Himalayan Ranges’ highest peak is K2, also known as Godwin Austin. The highest peak in India is K2, also known as Godwin Austin. It is about 8611 metres tall. The British and Chinese have given it the names Godwin Austen and Qogir, respectively.

The Karakoram Range’s northernmost mountain range, which extends into Afghanistan, is Hindukush. The Kailash range in Tibet and the Ladakh Range converge. In Tibet and China, the Kailash Range is known as Kang Rimpoche. The highest peak in the Kailash range is Mount Kailash (6,714 m). The Ladakh Range also includes Nanga Parbat (8126 m), the highest point in the northwest. Other notable mountains in the Trans Himalayas include Hidden Peak (8068 m), Gasherbrum II  (8035 m) and Broad Peak (8047 m).

The Trans Himalayan ranges also contain other significant glaciers like Biafo, Baltaro, Batura, and Hispar. The Himalayan ranges contain two syntax bends:

i. A bend in the western syntax occurs close to Nanga Parbat

ii. There is an eastern syntaxial bend close to NamcheBarwa.

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